Most of sweet sorghum models for biofuel production use either gasification or fermentation to process plant material into biofuel. Technical challenges of using sweet sorghum for biofuels are a short harvest period for highest sugar content and fast sugar degradation during storage. Pinal Energy currently imports corn from the Midwest, so they are quite interested in the potential for locally produced sweet sorghum. From 2007 to 2009, University of Kentucky researchers examined the feasibility of ethanol … Abstract. production methods, and the land cover prior to sweet sorghum cultivation (Ko¨ppen et al., 2009). “We need to have chemical engineers who understand how the materials can be refined into a product, and we need agricultural engineers who can work with machinery to extract the juices and process the materials.”. The super sweet sorghum aims to produce high biomass, higher yields, and stem soluble sugars, under marginal land. To optimize ethanol yield, a juice extraction rate of at least 50% from the stalks is needed. The author is grateful to Dr. Morris Bitzer, professor emeritus, at the University of Kentucky for providing advice and information for this article. Sweet sorghum can be used the the production of biofuels in two ways. 2009 International Annual Meetings. This is about twice that from corn grain. Let's start with the basics. Besides having rapid growth, high sugar accumulation, and biomass production potential, sweet sorghum has wide adaptability (Reddy and Sanjana 2003). 1-5 Nov. Pittsburgh, PA. Stevens, G., R. Holou, D. Dunn, and A. Wrather. In particular, biomass type hybrid GN-10 achieved the highest biomass (17.4 t ha-1) and theoretical ethanol yields (5,423 L ha-1) after averaging data for all environmental sites. 2009. 2009. Although sweet sorghum is primarily grown to produce sorghum syrup, it can also be used as a feedstock for biofuel. The syrup sweet sorghum (Figure 1), so it is the most suitable which needs storage for using during off season needs crop for ethanol production using for biofuel comparing to concentrate to minimum 65 brix (normally 85 brix). Sugar in the stalk is not the primary focus. The energy gain from sweet sorghum is substantially more than the energy used in production. It is a multipurpose crop, yielding food in the form of grain and fuel in … Sorghum holds promise for … In his eyes, offering a great educational experience is what gives rise to excellent research an innovation. 2015-41595-24254 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Since sweet sorghum is a multipurpose crop serving as a source of food, animal feed, and biofuel (Ratnavathi et al., 2011), it is a leading candidate biofuel crop. Sweet sorghum could be grown on about half of this land. In test plots in Missouri, atrazine and metolachor gave good grass and broadleaf weed control. The project is a collaboration between the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences and the College of Engineering. Global Biofuels Ltd. (RC 679588), is implementing a project to convert the juice from the stalk of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench) to ethanol. 38-45 Proc. In Missouri, following soybean the previous year, maximum sweet sorghum biomass yields were achieved in some fields with no nitrogen (Stevens, 2009). In Texas, sorghum varieties are being bred to produce high biomass yields (Juerg et al., 2009). Southern Plant Nutrition Management Conf. Indeed (Murray et al. “As a scientist, I am focusing on some very important problems to our world like food security, water security and also energy security,” says Martinez. Indo-US Biofuels Research Project - The second generation biofuels consortium will focus on development of sustainable, advanced lignocellulosic biofuel … Sweet … Sweet sorghum is an excellent source for the production of biofuel and green energy. Biofuel Others The Sweet Sorghum Ethanol market is analysed and market size information is provided by regions (countries). Producing ethanol from sweet sorghum uses about two thirds the amount of water of corn and one seventh the … It is harnessing that curiosity and passion in his students that Slack sees as the core of his work. Be sure to purchase a model that automatically compensates for temperature. To design a sustainable production system, apply enough fertilizer to offset crop removal or spread the bagasse and vinasse back on the field. Wednesday, May 14, 2008. “We’re here to educate students, and the byproduct of our educating students is the research,” he says. Some recent reports have raised concerns that the cultivation of certain biofuel … The statement “all biomass is local” also applies to sweet sorghum feedstock. Below is a budget by David Reinbott, extension agricultural economist at the University of Missouri. U.S. Dept. “Sweet sorghum is supposed to be a drought-tolerant crop. “I love working with graduate students. Rojas’s work is focusing on converting that material, called bagasse, into sugars that can then be fermented into ethanol. Researchers find sweet sorghum and sugarcane can cut biorefinery down time January 10, 2017 | Meghan Sapp In Illinois, today many biofuel refineries operate for only seven months each year, turning … Seeds are small, … Sweet sorghum. Sweet Sorghum for Biofuel Production in Louisiana The federal mandate for energy security through the development of sustainable biofuels has revived interest in sweet sorghum as a renewable energy … Xie Fenzhou, Sugar accumulation law in stem Juice of sweet sorghum, Liaoning Agricultural Science .1989.5 4.2. Corn also requires a fair amount of water. Global View of Biofuel Butanol and Economics of Its Production by Fermentation from Sweet Sorghum Bagasse, Food Waste, and Yellow Top Presscake: Application of Novel Technologies . In 2007, the University of Kentucky and the University of Nebraska jointly released a male-sterile hybrid named KNMorris. Missouri pest management guide: corn, grain sorghum, soybean, and winter wheat. Table 1. The need to immediately squeeze the juice out creates logistical challenges in harvesting and transporting stalks for sugar extraction and conversion. Several herbicides are labeled for grain and forage sorghum. Fortunately, sorghum plants can often compensate for low plant stands by producing several tillers per plant. Dr. Bill Rooney at Texas A&M University has released female inbred lines with higher sugar content for use in the production of sweet sorghum hybrids. Most of sweet sorghum models for biofuel production use either gasification or fermentation to process plant material into biofuel. In addition, sweet sorghum has a °Brix or estimated fermentable sugar of 9 percent, and as the fermentable sugar of sweet sorghum increases, wherein studies show results higher than the estimated 9 percent, the more viable the ethanol’s country production using sweet sorghum becomes. We want to know if we can use some lands that are not suitable for food production, using less water, but also guaranteeing some kind of energy … Sweet sorghum is similar to grain sorghum but with sugar-rich stalks and the ability to use water efficiently. Biofuel. Sorghum holds promise for American Indian farmers who have rights to a fairly significant amount of CAP (Central Arizona Project) water. Dale is resistant to most diseases. “But it’s a much more drought tolerant, heat tolerant plant.”. Syrup, it can also be used to feed livestock or pelletized to burn are being to... Compensate for low plant stands by producing several tillers per plant are being bred to produce,! 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