Robert Henri was an American painter known for his use of lively brushstrokes and simplified forms. Biography. At an early age he moved with his family to Cozad, Nebraska, a town his father founded. Robert Henri entered the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia as a student in 1886. In 1873, they moved to Nebraska and started the town of Cozad. While sticking to a specific style of realism in his painting for most of his career, Robert Henri encouraged and fought for artistic freedom among working artists. Born in Broxbourne,… Read Full Biography. Upon returning to the United States in 1892, he became an instructor at the School of Design for Women in Philadelphia. His vigorous ideas attracted a group of young illustrators from the Philadelphia press: John Sloan, Everett Shinn, George Luks, and William J. Glackens. 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Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. “ Yes, and note how simple, direct and fresh! His compositions from this trip were a series of broadly painted figures that stood in contrast to simple silhouettes, and scenes in which shadow and light figured prominently. In November 1928, while returning to the U.S. after a visit to his Irish home, Henri fell ill. Henri also exhibited at the 1913 Armory Show. Robert Henri was born Robert Henry Cozad in Cincinnati, Ohio to Theresa Gatewood Cozad of Malden, Virginia and John Jackson Cozad, a gambler and real estate developer. Robert Henri (25 June 1865 – 12 July 1929) was an American painter and teacher. Learn more about Robert Henri (American, 1865 - 1929). When he returned to the United States, Henri and his wife settled in New York City, a place he felt was more hospitable to his artistic vision tha… Updated November 19, 2019. Born Robert Henri Cozad in Spence’s Station (later changed to Cozaddale), Ohio in 1865 (his birth was registered in Cincinnati), Robert was to become one of the most influential teachers and artists in the history of American art. After training at the Pennsylvania Academy and the Academie Julian in Paris, he dropped Impressionism for the dark manner of … Robert Henri was born Robert Henry Cozad in Cincinnati, in 1865, the son of a professional gambler and businessman. 1985. By 1895, Robert Henri began to reject impressionism. He studied art at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. Upon his return, Henri worked against the grain of New York City’s more conservative art establishment and, … Robert Henri Museum Collections . In painting ordinary people and his fellow artists, he followed his ideas about democratizing art. See available paintings, works on paper, and prints and multiples for sale and learn about the artist. ROBERT HENRI (1865–1929) Dutch Girl, 1910; worked 1913 and 1919: In New York at the turn of the century, Robert Henri emerged as an artist working in the realist tradition, combining immediacy of expression with subjects from everyday life. Ashcan School realism rooted itself in a sense of reporting on modern urban life. The artists embraced the title as a tongue-in-cheek counterpoint to other movements. American Ashcan School painter born 1865 - died 1929. Bill Lamb is a music and arts writer with two decades of experience covering the world of entertainment and culture. BIOGRAPHY Robert Henri was a painter, watercolorist, pastellist, and draughtsman. This was an art movement best known for a style of oil painting which portrayed the realism of everyday life in New York. A painting such as Himself (1913) reveals his facile brushwork, lively palette, and ability to catch fleeting gestures and expressions. The bold brushwork of James Abbott McNeil Whistler, Edouard Manet, and Diego Velazquez, viewed on trips to Europe, inspired Henri. They are some of the most sentimental pieces he created in his career, and they sold well to collectors when he returned to the U.S. Henri purchased the rental house in 1924. The Cozads also changed their names to protect themselves. From 1915 to 1928 Henri taught at the Art Students League in New York. In this book are the essential beliefs and theories of a great teacher and American artist, Robert Henri. During an extremely active life as an artist, Henri exercised considerable influence as a portrait painter. He also wielded influence as a teacher. He began his studies at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia in 1866 and took classes with Thomas Anschutz and Thomas Hovenden. He graduated from Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Academy Julian. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Henri was born Robert Henry Cozad on June 25, 1865 in Nebraska. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). His early paintings follow the impressionist tradition. He was a leading figure of the Ashcan School in art.. In 1908 he joined forces with seven other artists (including Sloan, Shinn, Luks, and Glackens)—dubbed “The Eight”—and mounted a single, joint exhibition before being absorbed into the larger Ashcan School. He disdained the rigidity of academic art and supported a more open and egalitarian approach to exhibitions. He knew that his style would soon be outside of the leading edge of contemporary art. Organ inherited these papers and planned on using them in a biography of Henri … Robert Henri Zimmer - Biography. Robert Henri (Robert Henry Cozad) was one of America's greatest artists and one of its most important art instructors. Teacher of: George Wesley Bellows (1882-1925), Edward Hopper (1882-1967), Rockwell Kent (1882-1971). Robert Henri has 17 books on Goodreads with 40372 ratings. Robert Henri was born on June 24, 1865 (age 64) in the Ohio, United States. He then settled in New York City, where he taught at the New York School of Art and organized numerous exhibitions that featured urban realist scenes. The first of those groups became known as the "Philadelphia Four" and included realist painters William Glackens, George Luks, Everett Shin, and John Sloan. Robert Henri was born with the surname Cozad, but took a new identity in 1881 when his father was indicted for manslaughter in Denver. In Robert Henri. He also wielded influence as a teacher. Robert Henri, 1865-1929-1965, 1965, (Sheldon Exhibition Catalogue in Observance of the Artist's Centennial Birthday) Robert Henri and His Circle. Gifted as a teacher, Robert Henri soon found himself surrounded by a closely-knit group of fellow artists. The paintings were hung alphabetically to emphasize the point. The artists saw immigrant and working-class life in New York City as worthy subject matter for painters. Robert Henri Charles van Maasdijk is Chief Executive Officer at Alternative Investment Fund Ltd. View Robert Henri Charles van Maasdijk’s professional profile … Peter A. Juley & Son, Robert Henri, c. 1908, photograph, 1913 Armory Show, 50th anniversary exhibition records, 1962–1963, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution Robert Henri American, 1865 - … Artprice.com's price levels for this artist are based on 672 auction results. In our environmentally controlled gallery, built in 2014, you will find the largest collection of Henri’s work on display than anywhere else in the world. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. You couldn't get rid of it even if you wanted to. From 1898 to 1900 he was again in Paris and exhibited at the Salon. Hired by the New York School of Art in 1902, his students included Joseph Stella, Edward Hopper, and Stuart Davis. Robert Henri, the inspirational leader of The Eight, was born Robert Henry Cozad on June 24, 1865, in Cincinnati. Corrections? Perhaps Henri's most important legacy is his teaching and influence on his students. In 1898 Henri married and went to Paris for his honeymoon. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. In 1910, Henri helped organize the Exhibition of Independent Artists, deliberately designed as an egalitarian show without a jury or awarding of prizes. In My People -The Portraits of Robert Henri, Valerie Lee Leeds states “ The particular triumph of Robert Henri as a portrait painter rests with his ability to extract the spiritual essence and personality of a subject without flattery and translate it into paint. There, he painted many portraits of children. Later, Henri called the Academy, "a cemetery of art.". See available paintings, works on paper, and prints and multiples for sale and learn about the artist. View Robert Henri’s 659 artworks on artnet. In recent years, he's been particularly recognized for his embrace of women as artists during a time in which many in the art world did not take them seriously. He led the Ashcan School movement and organized the pivotal exhibition, "The Eight." In the summer of 1915, with George and Emma Bellows, Henri, and his wife Marjorie, visited Ogunquit, Maine, which was becoming known as an artist colony. Robert Henri was a major proponent of a gritty style of urban realism around the turn of the century. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. His wife, Marjorie Organ, was one of his favorite subjects. However, in 1907, the academy rejected work by Henri's fellow Ashcan painters for an exhibition, and he accused them of bias and walked out to organize his own show. His family fled to the East Coast and Henri enrolled in the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. In the first decade of the twentieth century, Henri's reputation as a gifted portrait painter grew. Read the artist bio and gain a deeper understanding with MutualArt's artist profile. Eventually calling themselves the Charcoal Club, the group discussed the work of writers such as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Walt Whitman, and Emile Zola in addition to their theories about art. He scorned the creation of "surface art" by the impressionists. Born Robert Henri Cozad in Spence's Station (later changed to Cozaddale), Ohio in 1865 (his birth was registered in Cincinnati), Robert was to become one of the most influential teachers and artists in the history of American art. Robert HENRI (1865-1929) is an artist born in 1865 The oldest auction result ever registered on the website for an artwork by this artist is a drawing-watercolor sold in 1983, at Christie's, and the most recent auction result is a drawing-watercolor sold in 2021. Artist Biography . He became progressively weaker over the next several months. ', 'Do whatever you do intensely. Henri traveled there in the summers of 1916, 1917, and 1922. While these paintings were rejected by the progressive Salon des Indépendants, the French government purchased one of them, Snow in 1899. Robert (Henry Cozad) Henri (1865 - 1929) was active/lived in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio. Robert Henri (1865-1929) was a painter and instructor in New York, N.Y. Provenance. Learn about this topic in these articles: discussed in biography. Robert Henri biography at the "Artchive" "The Portraits of Robert Henri: Context and Influences" (Valerie Ann Leeds) "Robert Henri: American Icon" (Valerie Ann Leeds) "American Women Modernists, The Legacy of Robert Henri 1910-1945" (Edited By Marian Wardle, Sarah Burns) Bibliografie. In its place, he urged painters to create more realistic art rooted in everyday American life. In the spring of 1929, the Arts Council of New York named Robert Henri one of the top three living American artists. Henri began exploring the color theories of Hardesty Maratta later in his career. After studying in Philadelphia, the young artist went to Paris to hone his skills at the Académie Julian. Robert Henri's teaching positions helped enhance his reputation as a painter. Robert Henri Museum and Historical Walkway. In 1906, the National Academy of Design elected Henri to membership. 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